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  • 招商引资
    • 作者:   来源:经济日报   点击率:2452   添加日期:2014-03-18   关键词:
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      我国加强与国际科技合作加快农业发展

       

       
               市县招商网讯  粮食安全是世界性难题,也是亚太地区目前面临的一个重要而紧迫的问题。日前,亚太经合组织(APEC)粮食安全政策伙伴关系机制(PPFS)政府与企业粮食安全与贸易对话会议在中国宁波召开。来自亚太地区各经济体的代表就地区粮食安全形势及对策进行了讨论,并对中国在应对地区粮食安全问题过程中作出的贡献和提供的经验进行了深入交流

        亚太面临供求双重挑战

        zishangshiji90niandaiyilai,zaiyataigejingjitidegongtongnulixia,yataidiquliangshishengchannengliyushengchanxiaolvdoudedaoledafutisheng。shujuxianshi,yataigejingjitidegengdiziyuanjinzhanquanqiu43%zuoyou,danshiliangshichanliangquezhandaolequanqiude52%,tongshirenjunliangshinianchanliangyecong1990niande0.8dunshangshengzhi2009niande1.1dun,nianjunzengzhangsuduyuangaoyushijieqitadiqu。danshi,muqianyataidiqurengjizhongleshijieshangsanfenzhierdequeliangrenkou,diquliangshianquanmianlinxuqiuhegongjicengmiandeshuangzhongtiaozhan。

        congxuqiucengmianlaikan,yataidiqurenkoudezengjiajiangzaochengdiquliangshixuqiugangxingzengzhang。juyazhoukaifayinxingyuji,2011nianzhi2050nianyataidiqurenkouzengzhangzongliangjiangchaoguo8.5yi,zhanquanqiuzongliangdesanfenzhiyi。zhidezhuyideshi,yataidiqurenjunliangshixiaohaoyezaibuduanshangsheng。yushangshiji90niandaichuxiangbi,muqianyataidiqurenjunliangshixiaohaoliangsuiyishangsheng12%,danrengdiyushijiepingjunshuiping。zaijingjifazhanpingwenhejuminshouruchixuzengzhangdeyuqixia,yataidiqurenjunliangshixiaohaojiangjixushangsheng。yataijinghezuzhiyuce,jinrenkouzengzhangyixiangdailaideliangshixuqiuzengzhangjiujianggaoda60%。zhongguoguojialiangshijufujuzhangcengliyingzhichu,yataidiqujingjidekuaisufazhanyijichengzhenhuajinchengdejiakuaihuizaochengdiqujuminyinshijiegouduoyuanhuayijigongyeyongtuliangshixuqiushangsheng,zheixieyejiangzaixuqiucengmianzengjiadiquliangshianquandeyali。

        conggongjicengmiankan,yataijingjitiweilaizaigengdi、danshuiziyuandengziranziyuanfangmianshoudaodezhiyuejianggengjiamingxian,liangshiwenchan、zengchandenanduyuelaiyueda。laizitaiguo、yindunixiyadengguodedaibiaobiaoshi,geguogengdimianjibuzudailaidewentiriyiyanzhong。julejie,1961nianyataidiqurenjungengdimianjiwei0.22gongqing,eryataijinghezuzhiyuce2050nianrenjungengdimianjijiangxiajiangzhi0.18gongqing。ciwai,qihoubianhuazaochengdeelietianqipinxianheshengtaihuanjingdeehua,doujiangzaochengshuidao、xiaomaidengzhongyaoliangshizuowudechanliangxiajiang。

        搭建紧密政企伙伴关系

        suiranyataidiquliangshianquanxingshimianlinyanjundetiaozhan,dancanhuidaibiaoyizhirenwei,jianligengweijinmidezhengfuyuqiyegongsihezuoguanxi,gonggugejingjitijiandehuobanguanxi,jiangyouliyuyataidiqutigaoliangshiziyuanpeizhixiaolv、youxiaogongjihejiaoyixiaolv,jinerquebaodiquliangshianquan。

        jianlimiqiedezhengfuyuqiyegongsihezuoguanxi,duiyucujinliangshishengchanyuliutong、baozhangshichanggongyinghequebaoliangshianquanjuyoubukedigudezuoyong。duici,cengliyingzhichu:“zhengfuyingqieshigulisiyingbumengengjiajijicanyuliangshianquanxingdong,nuliyingzaogongzheng、gongpinghebianlidemaoyihuanjing,suzaokaifang、baorong、huli、gongyingdehuobanguanxi,gongtongmouhuayataidiquchijiudeliangshianquan。”meiguoheeluosiliangguozaimiqiezhengfuyuqiyehezuoguanxifangmianyeyoufengfudejingyan。juyuhuidemeiguodadouchukouxiehuishouxizhixingguansujianjieshao,meiguozhengfugaoduzhongshiliangshiwuliudengjichusheshijianshe,weilequebaoguoneidadoushengchanshangquanqiugongyingliantiaoshunchang,yuguoneiqiyegongtongjiadalezaiwuliuhecangchudengjichusheshifangmiandetouzi;eluosinongyebuzhangguwenpaweier·sikuruixinjieshao,weitigaonongyeyongdideshiyongxiaolv,eluosizhengfubujinzaisiyingqiyebuyuanshezudenongyejishuzhuangbeiyanzhilingyuzhijietouruledaliangziyuan,tongshijianlilejilixingzhengcekuangjiayixiyinguojizijin。

        muqian,yataidiqugejingjitizhijiandehuobanguanximianlinzhuduoxianzhi。zhongliangjituanfuzongcaichijingtaorenwei,muqianyataidiquliangshimaoyisuiyichaoguoquanqiuliangshimaoyizongliangde40%,danrengmianlinzhegeguozhengcemaodun、maoyibileidengfangmiandexianzhi。tongshi,yataidiqugejingjitizaifalvfaguijiguanlibiaozhunfangmiancunzaizhezhuduomaodunhebuyizhi,yexianzhilegeguogongtongyingduiliangshianquantiaozhandenengli。yuhuidaibiaorenwei,ppfsyingjinyibutuidongyataijingjitijiandejiaoliuyuhezuo,goujianjianshideapecliangshianquanzhengcehuobanguanxi。yataijinghezuzhigejingjitiyingzaijiaqiangliangshichanyezhengcexiediaodetongshi,jianliqiliangshigongqiu、pinzhongzhiliangheshichangjiagexinxijiaoliupingtai,cujinliangshichukouguoyujinkouguozaizhiliangbiaozhun、jianyanjishuyufangfafangmianyouxiaoxianjie。

        中国提升亚太粮食产量

        中国作为最大的发展中国家和全球人口第一大国,不仅通过确保自身粮食安全,稳定了地区粮食市场;同时积极开展国际合作,提升了地区农业生产能力。
      中国政府始终高度重视粮食安全,把解决好13亿人口的吃饭问题作为治国安邦的头等大事来抓,多措并举提高粮食综合生产能力。在关注增加粮食产量的同时,中国政府非常重视粮食产后的科学管理,通过加强市场体系和现代物流体系建设、采用新技术和新工艺等措施,减少粮食产后损失损耗,提高粮食收储供应保障能力,确保粮食供应安全。会议期间,与会代表参观了舟山港和中转粮储备库、宁波鄞州中心粮库和粮油批发市场。现代化的仓储设施与技术、先进的物流设备给代表们留下了深刻的印象。一些代表当即表示,希望与中国加强粮食物流、储备建设方面合作和交流的意愿。

        yucitongshi,zhongguojijicanyuguojinongyechanyefengong,tongguoguojimaoyihenongyekejihezuo,cujindiquliangshianquan。congmaoyicengmianlaikan,jinnianlai,zhongguobuduantigaoliangshishichangdekaifangchengdu,quxiaolesuoyoufeiguanshuicuoshi,nongchanpinguanshuishuipingyejiangzhishijiepingjunshuipingde25%,youlicujinlediquliangshimaoyiziyouhua,duiyuquebaoyataidiquliangshianquanzuochulejijigongxian。congnongyekejihezuocengmianlaikan,“zhongguonongyeziyuanjinque,danyouzhexianjindenongyezhongzhijishuheguanlijishu,keyiweiyataidiqudeliangshianquanzuochugongxian,tigaoyataidiqunongyeziyuandeliyongxiaolv”,xinjiapoyihaijialitouziyouxiangongsifudongshizhangmuyankuishuo。jinnianlai,zhongguozhengfubuduanyindaoheguliqiye“zouchuqu”,yuyataiduogejingjitikaizhanliangshizhongzhi、wuliu、jiagongdengfangmiandeguojihezuodetongshi,kaizhannongyekejihezuo、shuchunongyegaoxinjishuhechanpin,tigaozheixieguojiadenongyezongheshengchannengliheliangshichanliang,zheiduidangdiliangshianquanyouhendabangzhu。


       

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